Form 8825, Rental Real Estate Income and Expenses of a Partnership or an S Corporation
S Corporations and Partnerships use Form 8825 to report rental real estate income and deductions. They just attach Form 8825 to their Form 1120-S or Form 1065. So, track rental property transactions separately from other business activities of the parent company.
Hi, I’m Gary Bode, a rental real estate CPA accountant with a virtual office to serve your Form 8825 needs wherever your rental real estate property is. Here are some of the IRS red flags to watch for.
Form 8825 and Rental Real Estate Red Flags
- Losses. Especially if you’re deducting them. Understand the passive loss rules. With the new investment tax in 2013 you should look into becoming a real estate professional per the IRS definitions.
- Missing information. The IRS obviously looks for items on Form 8825 that shouldn’t be there. But I think missing information, like real estate taxes for example, might trigger an audit. After all, if the tax preparer forgets a deduction on Form 8825 what else might be wrong?
- Low rental income. You don’t want the IRS thinking :
- You’re not trying to actively rent the property.
- Using it personally.
- Renting to a related party at a discounted rate.
- Out of range figures on Form 8825. Like say $20,000 of auto expense for a duplex rental property.
- Depreciating land.
- Presenting depreciating capital assets as expenses. For example, a new air conditioning system. Remember the new rules on capitalization vs. expense go into effect in 2014.
- Round figures. Round figures imply estimation.
- Figures that don’t match IRS records. Common examples include inconsistent depreciation from your earlier tax returns and rent that’s lower than the total of your Form 1099-MISC(s).
Rental property CPAs look for red flags and proactively address them. If the red flag figure is correct and legitimate, we provide supplemental documentation to the IRS to head off a potential audit.
Where do I get Information for Preparing Form 8825, Rental Real Estate Income and Expenses of a Partnership or an S Corporation?
- The IRS publishes Audit Technique Guides. These explain how an IRS Agent will approach Form 8825 if your S Corporation or Partnership is audited. I think every rental real estate CPA accountant reads them.
- Read the instructions for Form 8825. It is only one page.
- Read the passive activity limitation section of Form 1120-S or Form 1065 instructions. If your rental real estate generates a loss, you want to claim active participation of it. Why? Rental real estate losses are only deductible under certain conditions. It pays to understand them.
- Publication 946 helps explain depreciation expense for Form 4562.
- Look at websites for examples on specific issues on Form 8825. Beware of outdated postings.
- Buy an appropriate tax book. Make sure it is the latest edition. Form 8825 tax consequences deserve due diligence. Books usually cover all aspects of rental real estate and show concepts using clear examples. Be sure to understand all possible deductions.
- Call the IRS. Beware you can’t rely on verbal advice from them if you’re audited.
- Read up on Schedule E for Form 1040. Which is equivalent to Form 8825 for individual taxpayers.
- Consult with a rental property CPA.
Where Does the Information on Form 8825 Flow?
- It integrates into the parent tax return, Form 1120-S for S Corporations or Form 1065 for Partnerships.
- Both Forms 1120-S and 1065 then issue a Schedule K-1 to the individual shareholders and partners. This reports their personal tax figures for the year from the parent return. The IRS gets a copy, too, of course.
- Shareholders and partners bring the Schedule K-1 information into their personal Form 1040 via page two of Schedule E.
Why am I a rental property CPA? Because I have a rental property in my extended family, so, I have to keep up on emerging Form 8825 issues, or else!
Through our virtual office, we offer you excellent, responsive CPA services regardless of your location. Usually we prepare Form 8825 as part of Form 1120-S or Form 1065. My experience? I was controller for a luxury construction firm with 30+ rental property LLCs. We offer a free initial phone consult at (910) 399-2705.