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Gary Bode, CPA is a Master's Degreed, nation wide accountant offering tax and business services. Member of AICPA and NCACPA. Our virtual office provides excellent service to long distance and international clients. Call (910) 399-2705 for a free phone consult.

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I would like to thank you for your time in helping me with this issue of tackling the exclusion of my 1099-C income from this years taxes. The Form 982 that the IRS makes you file is very confusing and makes you want to beat you into submission however with your guidance I was able to quickly and easily get through it and on top of that exclude 100% of the cancellation. I will suggest your site and assistance to anyone and everyone.


Keith, CPA from CT


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QuickBooks CPA discusses using your Bookkeeping to Calculate a Bankruptcy Indicator

CPA Firm in Wilmington NC

Gary Bode, CPA: your QuickBooks bookkeeping can be turned into powerful managerial tools like the Z Factor (a Bankruptcy alarm indicator). (910) 399-2705.

I think QuickBooks CPAs should help Clients use their bookkeeping for managerial purposes. The Fortune 500 companies hire CPAs to do just that. It always seemed unfair to me that small companies don’t have access to these same tools. They really make a difference.

Your QuickBooks bookkeeping components can build powerful managerial tools, like those used by Fortune 500 companies. Most of the information required is on your Intuit QuickBooks bookkeeping reports.  Sometimes you might have to export your QuickBooks reports into Excel.

Some of these QuickBooks bookkeeping calculations act as alarms, warning about potential financial danger. Days Cash on Hand is one of these.  Another is the Z Factor which uncannily predicts if and when a company will go bankrupt, done through a calculation based on profitability and financial position.  Such tools can be part of a Performance Dashboard ued for managerial decisions.  The process usually involves customizing an existing QuickBooks bookkeeping report and then exporting it into Excel for further refinement.  Like producing graphs for trend analysis.

“I don’t recommend running a company strictly “by the numbers”, but accurate and timely QuickBooks bookkeeping can construct powerful managerial tools like the Fortune 500 companies use.”   
Gary Bode, QuickBooks CPA accountant

This Z Factor has been around since the 1960’s.  First developed by Dr. Robert Altman, it was originally used in public companies, as part of Financial Statement analysis by potential investors.  Later, it was modified for private companies.  But sadly, most small business accounting doesn’t use these tools.

Here’s the Z Factor calculation for private companies:

  • A = [(Current Assets – Current Liabilities)/Total Assets] × 6.56 = ________.
  • B = (Retained Earnings/Total Assets) × 3.26 = ________.
  • C = (Earnings before Interest. & Taxes/Total Assets) × 6.72 = ________.
  • D = (Equity/Total Liabilities) × 1.05 = ________.
  • The sum of (A + B + C + D) equals your Z-score.

Note all components for the Z Factor can be directly taken from Intuit QuickBooks bookkeeping reports if:

  • Your QuickBooks setup includes an appropriate chart of accounts.
  • Your data entry is consistent.
  • The QuickBooks bookkeeping is timely.

Again, generally the QuickBooks reports are exported into Excel for semi automated preparation of a monthly Performance Dashboard.

I’m a QuickBooks CPA with a virtual office to help Clients beyond my Wilmington, NC locale. Local clients find the virtual office more convenient as well. I offer a free phone consult at (910) 399-2705.



1 comment to QuickBooks CPA discusses using your Bookkeeping to Calculate a Bankruptcy Indicator

  • Another great post! It is definitely important to consult an accountant when dealing with bookkeeping issues. The calculation guides offered in this post are really valuable tips for employers to use. Thanks for sharing!

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