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Gary Bode, CPA is a Master's Degreed, nation wide accountant offering tax and business services. Member of AICPA and NCACPA. Our virtual office provides excellent service to long distance and international clients. Call (910) 399-2705 for a free phone consult.

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I became totally and permanently disabled after a working for 44 years. I returned to college late in life (while working full-time) to fulfill my dream of becoming an RN and at that time found it necessary to secure student loans. Three years after being declared totally and permanently disabled my student loans were discharged. In January 2013 we received a 1099-C form declaring said student loans that were discharged however that amount could be considered as income for 2012. This was a large amount of money and we live on two pensions and social security income.

I started looking on the internet for information regarding 1099-C and felt that this was something that we could not handle alone. I made phone calls locally to a very reputable tax group in a city near us and they said it would cost $500 for an appointment and that they really prefer to do corporate taxes and they referred me to a local person who had worked for them at one time, we called and explained the situation and an appointment was made and then the comment was made that "I will have to do some research on this" and flags immediately went up and we called back and cancelled that appointment. I had been researching the IRSwebsite and every place else I could think of and I was not comfortable doing our own taxes this year. We called another local tax preparer that we had used in the past and made an appointment, however prior to the appointment, while still seeking information regarding our situation,

I came across a website for Gary l. Bode, MSA, CPA, PC in Wilmington, NC. I called Mr. Bodeand explained our situation and asked if he could help. He spoke very knowledgeably regarding the situation and stated that yes; he felt he could help us. As Mr. Bode was in North Carolina and we were in New York I scanned all of our documents including back-up documents for all of our claims and forwarded all to him. Mr. Bode kept in touch with us via email; we have spoken on the telephone several times and have become very comfortable with his knowledge and professionalism. Also, as I am a true "worrier" I have continued looking into information regarding our tax situation and I came upon another web page for Mr. Bode that included testimonials which spoke of his experience with this type of tax situation as it became prevalent during the recession. This reinforced in our minds that we had made the right decision in hiring this person as our tax preparer.

I share all of this as our taxes are now ready to be filed (we do owe tax for 2012 but not the astronomical figure we thought we were facing), and we are confident that they have been prepared with the utmost care by a gentleman who has an excellent working knowledge of the situation we faced and the tax laws that were applicable to said situation.


Bill and Carol

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Form 982 CPA discusses the IRS Insolvency Worksheet | Form 1099-C tax reporting

Form 982 CPA

Here are a fe tips on using the IRS Insolvency Worksheet and the Insolvency exclusion of Form 982. Need help with your cancelled debt tax return? Call (910) 399-2705 for a free consult.

As a Form 982 CPA I field lots of calls about the IRS Insolvency Worksheet. So I’ll offer an over view of Form 982, concentrating on the Insolvency exclusion.

  • Many Folks seem to think Insolvency is the only Form 982 provision that keeps the amount in Box 2 of Form 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt, from becoming taxable income. Not true.
  • Many Folks don’t realize that S Corporations and Partnerships also use Form 982, Reduction of Tax Attributes. The tax reporting rules get complex here.
  • Many Folks don’t realize the future tax consequences of Form 982. It’s not always a free ride with the IRS. See the last paragraph below.

The Form 982 exclusions:

  • Bankruptcy.
  • Insolvency. This provision is the only Forms 982 exclusion that require an IRS Insolvency Worksheet
  • Discharge of qualified farm indebtedness.
  • Discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness.
  • Discharge of qualified principal residence indebtedness.

Sometimes you use multiple Form 982 exclusions.

“Don’t pay taxes on personal credit card cancelled debt or student loan cancelled debt without carefully exploiting the IRS Insolvency Worksheet and Form 982.”
– Gary Bode, IRS Insolvency CPA

Individuals mostly use the IRS Insolvency Worksheet for:

  • Cancelled credit card debt. Here’s a comprehensive example for personal credit card cancelled debt with good examples of The IRS Insolvency Worksheet and Form 982.
  • Student Loan cancelled debt. Here’s an example of the tax reporting for student loan cancellation of debt from Form 1099-C, through the IRS Insolvency Worksheet, through Form 982 and finally to Form 1040. Hopefully you won’t need the Form 1040 info.

The IRS Insolvency Worksheet

You’ll find the IRS Insolvency Worksheet in IRS Publication 4681, Canceled Debts, Foreclosures, Repossessions, and Abandonments, along with partial examples of Form 1009-C, the Worksheet and Form 982.

  • The IRS Insolvency Worksheet uses Liabilities (what you owe) and Assets, the Fair Market Value of what you own.
    • Insolvency for Form 982 doesn’t use income, or future potential income. You can make $400,000 or $15,000 per year, it doesn’t matter.
  • The IRS Insolvency Worksheet calculates a number called the amount of Insolvency.
    • You can exclude cancelled debt from Box 2 of Form 1099-C up to the amount of Insolvency on the bottom line of the worksheet.
      • If your amount of Insolvency is $25,000 and your cancelled debt is $15,000, Form 982 allows you to exclude the entire cancelled debt on Form 982.
        • The additional $10,000? It’s irrelevant.
      • If your amount of Insolvency is $25,000 and the cancelled debt is $45,000 you can exclude $25,000 from taxable income on Form 982.
        • The additional $20,000 from Form 1099-C becomes taxable income.

Soft numbers on the IRS Insolvency Worksheet

I recommend documenting what you can in case the IRS audits you. I imagine they look at Form 982 returns carefully.

  • Use your bank statements to document cash.
  • Use a loan amortization schedule to document things like car loans.
  • Save your calculations for things like accrued real estate taxes.
  • Save invoices to document things like accrued child care expense.
  • etc.

But there are plenty of soft numbers on the IRS Insolvency Worksheet too:

  • What’s your house worth. There’s no way to be sure unless you sell it.
  • What’s your Household Goods worth?

I think a good Form 982 CPA helps you find legitimate numbers. Here’s  link to a site that gives specific examples of the IRS Insolvency Worksheet line by line including partial year calculations . It includes the Reduction of Tax Attributes part too.

Reduction of Tax Attributes: tax consequences of Forms 982

If you exclude $50,000 of cancelled debt in Box 2 of Form 1099-C on Form 982, you must reduce your tax attributes. Tax attributes sorta kinda means what you paid for something.

So let’s say:

  • You excluded $40,000 of cancelled credit card debt in 2014 on Form 982.
  • You own a rental property that you paid $25,000 for.
  • Form 982 makes you reduce that purchase price by $20,000 for 2013.
  • So there’s no immediate tax consequences.
  • When you eventually sell the rental property you’ll pay tax on $20,000 more gain on the sale or $20,000 less deductible loss.
    • Sometimes Form 982 just delays the tax consequences of cancelled credit card debt.

Our virtual office means we can you with a cancelled debt tax return regardless of where you live. There’s maybe a hundred or so posts on various aspects of cancelled debt, Form 982, Insolvency, reduction of tax attributes, etc. If you like what you read, distance isn’t an issue.

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8 comments to Form 982 CPA discusses the IRS Insolvency Worksheet | Form 1099-C tax reporting



    I have question on recourse COD. Here it goes the property is a duplex half primary for first 3 years half rental. The 1st floor changed from primary to rental for the last 3 years. The total COD is 180,000 the mortgage is 239,000 my depreciation is 30,000 and the FMV/sales price is 47,000 that gives me an adjusted basis of $209,000 and a sales price of $47,000 gain or loss of $162,000 my question is now if I take out the COD of 180,000 i go from a 162,000 loss to a $18,000 gain. How should I report this ($162,000) loss on Sch E with form 982 with ordinary income on 1040 for the COD of 180,000 or 18,000 gain on Sch E with the exclusion that I lived in the unit for 2 of 5 years? If I report it on Sch E do I also need to report on Form 982? BTW I am not insolvent and have positive equity on the insolvency worksheet of approx $13,000. Thanks Gary BTW I am a CPA mostly audit though and this makes my head spin.

    • Hi Keith: well this is more than what I consider a comment. But let’s see what I might help with. Schedule E and Form 982 aren’t related. Form 1099-C, Cancellation of Debt, incurs COD. It’s not clear if you received that. Sort of sound like you just received Form 1099-A. The loss is ordinary loss. Hope that helped. Form 982 has multiple exclusions Insolvency is just one of them. If this for you personally, call after 8PM ET and maybe I can do more Keith. 910-399-2705.



  • john mcnamara

    what does interest in pension plan refer to on line 31 of insolvency worksheet?

    • That’s an excellent question John. The IRS wants to know how much is in your 401(k), IRA, SEP etc. But there are several angles involved there. And that number can be $o, the full amount or the NRV. Hope that helped.

  • Amy Antos

    Confused on the Reduction of attributes section of form 982 for insolvency. I must reduce by 80,000 for a rental property short sale in 2014. From what I have learned I DO NOT reduce the cost basis of the house. Though reduce 2015 attributes.

    I have no investments, businesses or past carryovers, so do I reduce personal property? My current home, etc.

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