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Gary Bode, CPA is a Master's Degreed, nation wide accountant offering tax and business services. Member of AICPA and NCACPA. Our virtual office provides excellent service to long distance and international clients. Call (910) 399-2705 for a free phone consult.

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I had a 1099-C for about $135,000. My husband didn't have any withholding on Social Security. His employer couldn't withhold due to incompetence. I felt utter dread wash over me. Memories of owing the IRS before were constantly on my mind. I called a local CPA. Besides being clueless, he wanted to charge me for every question I had about insolvency. I looked on line and found little hope of the countless stories of permanently disabled people like myself getting their student loans forgiven only to be asked to pay taxes on it as if it were income.
Somewhere, somehow, I find an article by Gary Bode. I bookmarked it for when it's time to do the actual taxes. With his excellent help in how to do all of this out of a virtual office I get my part of the work done. My questions got answered, for free. I give a retainer, do what I said I did and wait. I hear from Gary. I go into shock! How can this be? Not only do I not owe on the 135,000....Gary itemizes and after paying what was almost nothing in taxes we get $950.00 back! No more hubby doing the taxes online! I will use Gary Bode as long as he will agree to work with me!
It was so easy, no worries, but professional and top notch. I know I have thanked you Gary but I am so grateful. Thank you ever so much again!

Carla Bray

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Form 941-X CPA explains how to Correct Form 941 | Payroll

Form 941-X CPA Wimington NC

Gary Bode, CPA: try to avoid correcting payroll reports by getting them right on the first submission. For a free phone consult, contact us at 399-2705.

Every Form 941 CPA sees clients who need to correct their payroll reports with the IRS. The IRS has a special payroll tax form to modify previously submitted Form 941s: Form 941-X. Let’s take a look at form 941-X and explain a few key points.

Form 941-X: Adjustment or Claim Method?

We’ll assume that you over reported, and over paid, payroll taxes on a single Form 941. So we’ll use the claim method to request a refund.


We’ll assume you caught the error before submitting the  W-2s for the year.

Therefore, we don’t have to file W-2c to correct them.

“As a Form 941-X CPA, I’ll tell you preparing Form 941 correctly is easier than correcting it.” 
– Gary Bode, payroll CPA and tax accountant

Line 2 Check Boxes on Form 941-X

Let’s do the easiest example. You re-paid employees for your company’s over collections. So, check box A.  Since you’re correcting payroll reported before the W-2s are prepared, we avoid the hassle of collecting employee statements saying they will not claim a refund.

File just one Form 941-X

Since only one Form 941 was incorrect, your payroll CPA just prepares a single 941-X. But generally, payroll errors span calendar quarters and thus require multiple Form 941-X(s).

Finally, the Calculations on Form 941-X, page 2

I use a spreadsheet for the calculations. Any 941-X CPA will recommend reconciling the entire tax year, and checking the other Form 941s, before submitting Form 941-X.

The Explanation

A good Form 941-X CPA builds a defense into the explanation when possible. Let’s switch gears here and talk about under reporting as the cause for filing an amended Form 941. The taxes you withhold from paychecks are held in trust before depositing them with the IRS. So, it can be a criminal offense to not deposit them or to use them personally. Thus, the explanation on Form 941-X could be used to inadvertently incriminate your company. Be careful. If the company’s payroll processes have been modified to prevent future errors, say so. For example, “All payroll taxes are deposited into a separate account on pay-day to hold them until deposited through EFTPS.”

Don’t Forget the State, Unemployment Taxes and Workman’s Compensation Insurance

Payoll errors often require amending multiple reports to multiple agencies. But we always start with Form 941-X.

I’m a payroll CPA with a virtual office to provide service for long distance clients and additional convenience for our local folks. There are hundreds of postings on this website, many on payroll issues. I hope reading a few of these helps you get a feel for how we approach client service. For a free initial phone consult, please call (910) 399-2705.

2 comments to Form 941-X CPA explains how to Correct Form 941 | Payroll

  • Lori

    I have a simple administrative error on our 2nd Qtr 941 Form. Line 6 and the total on Schedule B balance. However, when entering the numbers I understated line 10 by $10.00. I also understated line 11 by $10.00. Deposits were indeed correct. I have the explanation on the 941-X Form complete; however, I can’t figure out what lines to fill out on the second page of the 941-X. Can you help?

    • That’s a bit too complex for a comment Lori. It’s probably something silly. I suggest putting it aside for a few days and look at it with fresh eyes. If still off you can engage me to fix it, maybe $205. So not really cost effective.

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